Auto elettrica: l’Europa ci crede

17 Ott

Con il programma CARS2020 l’Europa si è prefissata di raggiungere, appunto per il 2020, importanti traguardi per quanto riguarda quella che nei documenti ufficiali dell’Unione Europea viene definita “decarbonizzazione dei trasporti”.

Il sito http://iet.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ev-radar/screen1.php (EV-Radar) del JRC – Institute for Energy and Transport riunisce alcune decine di progetti di ricerca finanziati dall’Unione Europea con milioni di euro per i prossimi anni.

Questo l’elenco completo dei progetti tratto dal sito:

Progetto

Budget

Ambito

Descrizione

Coinvolgimento Italia

AKUZIL Batterie allo zinco Development of zinc electrodes with defined structures based on various process and formulation strategies
AlkaSuSi

890000

Batterie metallo-zolfo New material concepts for alkali metal-sulfur Batteries or Akalimetallsulfid silicon batteries
AMELIE € 5.2 Mln Batterie alta capacità AMELIE’s objectives are to develop a Higher Specific Energy 10 Ah cell prototype, for EV and PHEV application, combining a high voltage chemistry with a more stable electrolyte, separators and binder system.and following as well an eco-design methodology and integrating a chemical way of recycling materials beyond the active materials. SolveyItalia, Università di Bologna
APPLES € 4.7 Mln Batterie al litio This project aims to the development at an initial industrial level of an advanced, lithium ion battery for efficient application in the sustainable vehicle market. Consorzio Sapienza Innovazione, Hydro-Eco, Sapienza Università di Roma, SAES Getters
AUTOSUPERCAP € 5.6 Mln Supercondensatori The project aims at developing supercapacitors of both high power and high energy density at affordable levels by the automotive industry, and of higher sustainability than many current electrochemical storage devices. Centro Ricerche FIAT, IMCB-Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Oerlikon Graziano
BASTA € 1.6 Mln Supercondensatori al litio Development of electrochemic li-ion energy storage system
DE-LION-1 € 2.9 Mln Batterie al litio Development of materials for electrodes and separators in lithium-ion batteries for mobile and stationary applications
DryLIZ Batterie al litio This work focuses on the aqueous and dry processing of anodes and cathodes for lithium ion cells and their further processing by cutting and joining.
E3CAR € 44.1 Mln Elettronica Development of nanoelectronics technologies, devices, circuits architectures and modules for electrical and hybrid vehicles and demonstration of these modules in final systems. CRF – Centro Ricerche Fiat, STMicroelectronics, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
EASYBAT € 3.6 Mln Batterie removibili Project will develop modular integration models and mechanisms, as well as define generic interfaces between the vehicle, the battery and the battery switch station for easy and fast integration and removal.
ELECTROGRAPH € 4.9 Mln Supercondensatori al grafene Project follows an integrated, technology driven approach in development of novel materials and components for realization of optimized supercapacitors.In project the progress beyond state of the art will be achieved by development and use of graphene and graphene-based material as electrode components and use of room temperature ionic liquids
ELIBAMA € 15.4 Mln Industrializzazione delle batterie The global objective of the ELIBAMA project is to enhance and accelerate the creation of a strong European automotive battery industry structured around industrial companies already committed to mass production of Li-ion cells and batteries for EVs
Energy storage/process technology € 5.1 Mln Batterie Development of process and production technologies for energy storage systems
eProduction € 16.3 Mln Batterie ad alta tensione Production of high-voltage batteries for electric vehicles
ESTO Batterie al litio Focus on Li-batteries for passenger cars and buses – component level research project
ESTRELIA € 6.2 Mln Elettronica The project will develop battery management system BMS ICs for an integrated flexible BMS to enable simultaneous cell measurement and active cell balancing for ultra capacitors and Li-Ion battery cells. Active Technologies
EUROLIION € 5.5 Mln Batteria al silicio The outcome will be a newly developed cell, manufactured and tested by end-users. The new cell consists of i) a newly formulated Si-negative electrode, ii) newly designed low cost salts, and iii) modified positive electrodes. To achieve these goals, the consortium includes renowned universities and knowledge institutes; a SME battery producer and the car industry as end-users.
EV TechLab € 2.51 Mln Batterie in genere Development of energy storage applications for EVs
GLANZ € 2.7 Mln Batterie litio-aria Rechargeable lithium-air cells for future use in electric vehicles with significantly extended range
GREENLION € 8.6 Mln Batterie ecologiche Development of new active and inactive battery materials viable for water processing (green chemistry); Innovative processes leading to reduced electrode production cost and avoid environmental pollution; Development of new assembly procedures to reduce the time and the cost of cell fabrication Kemet Electronics Italia, Politecnico di Milano, ENEA
HELIOS € 4.2 Mln Batterie The project Helios will evaluate both electrical performances and their evolution in time – life, and their behaviour under abuse test conditions – safety. CRF – Centro Ricerche Fiat, ENEA
High Power LFP Cathodes for Large-Format Lithium-ion Batteries Batterie litio alta potenza The target of the project is to improve the power density of lithium-iron phosphate large format cell by improving the LFP-based cathode characteristics. The cathode-anode system has direct effect to the cell performance.
ID4CAR-ICARES € 1.8 Mln Batterie Improvement of the negative electrode of the battery through a better understanding of reactions at the interface between the electrode and electrolyte.
ID4CAR-SLIM € 1.7 Mln Batterie Facing the development of electric vehicles, the SLIM project meets the system requirements of energy storage safer by developing new technology for all-solid lithium battery with high security, used industrially on batteries currently produced.
LABOHR € 4.4 Mln Batterie a ossigeno liquido LABOHR aims to develop Ultra High-Energy battery systems for automotive applications making use of lithium or novel alloy anodes, innovative O2 cathode operating in the liquid phase and a novel system for harvesting O2 from air. SAES, University of Bologna
Lessy € 1.0 Mln Batterie litio-ceramica LESSY stands for lithium electricity storage system—is testing the first large-scale lithium ceramic storage device. This is the technology that will help power fully electric vehicles in the future
LIB2015 – LiVe € 2.4 Mln Batterie al litio Nanostructuring of electrode structures for lithium batteries with high performance base materials currently available and the technical mastery of the process-integrated manufacturing precision electrode / electrolyte structures.
LiB2015 -Li-Five € 2.4 Mln Batterie al litio da 5 Volt Five-volt lithium-ion cells with long life at high depth of discharge for plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles
Lib2015-BatMan € 1.4 Mln Gestione batterie al litio Battery management for mobile lithium-ion energy storage
LiB2015-Helion € 10.4 Mln Batterie al litio Advanced Li-batteries with high energy density (> 300 Wh / kg) to develop, which are characterized also by high reliability, long life and good environmental performance.
LI-Mobility € 1.1 Mln Gestione batterie al litio Exploration of the foundations for battery management algorithms for LiFePO4 batteries in electric vehicles, taking into account the aging
LiSSi € 1.4 Mln Batterie litio-zolfo Development of a lithium-sulfur battery consisting of a nanostructured Silicon anode, novel silicon-based electrolyte, a lithium ion-conductive solid electrolyte diffusion barrier layer and sulfur cathode
LithoRec/LithoRecII € 18.0 Mln Riciclaggio batterie al litio The twelve NFF members aim at developing and testing efficient processes and concepts covering several phases of the life cycle for recycling lithium-ion batteries in Germany. The project comprises two approaches: one relating to only one phase of the life cycle, the other relating to several phases. The results are used to develop and design a pilot facility for efficient large-scale recycling
MOV € 1.0 Mln Supercondensatori The aim of the SUPERCAL project is to develop the electrical energy storage industry, and particularly to help create a French sector capable of mass-producing supercapacitors for soft hybridization systems and electric vehicles.
MOVEO CINELI € 3.2 Mln Ricarica induttiva The CINELI project aims at developing knowledge and methods to make it possible for  carmakers to control:
The magnetic radiation generated by the transfer of electrical power through induction, by addressing the problem in a scientific and practical way in relation to positional tolerance and emitter and receiver system interoperability.
The performance of the system in mass-produced vehicles, in terms of energy efficiency and positional tolerance (efficient coupling with variable impedance).
On-Board Powerplant Motori The engine process will be described based on thermodynamic and fluid dynamic principles. It will be analyzed together with the electric powertrain and the operation strategy in a single simulation environment.
OPERA4FEV € 7.0 Mln Supporto per batterie The project aims to develop thermoplastic battery racks on two functional demonstrators: one for a large scale vehicle from FIAT and one for a “niche” car, the F-City from FAM .To improve deployment of electrical vehicles in Europe, large scale production processes for Rack and electrical components need to be developed.  CRF – Centro Ricerche Fiat
OSTLER € 4.5 Mln Batterie removibili Novel concepts for the way in which EV battery storage is integrated into the vehicle; in particular a novel modular concept that permits a storage-centric design approach. It will also investigate the feasibility of removable storage elements. CRF – Centro Ricerche Fiat,  Magneti Marelli
PRIMO2 € 5.2 Mln Batterie per trasporto pubblico Development of modular, distributed energy storage systems and cost-effective manufacturing processes for use in public transport
ProLIZ Batterie Development and implementation of economic, industry-related production technology for high energy storage cells with the goal of a viable cell at the end of the process chain.
ProSysEasy € 1.3 Mln Batterie al litio Innovative materials for process and system simplification of the Li-ion battery
ReLiOn € 1.2 Mln Batterie For selected cells, a general understanding of the interrelationships of cell materials / design and stress profile with measurable performance of waste and material changes will be developed on a microscopic level.
SIMCAL € 3.6 Mln Invecchiamento batterie NiMH/Li-ion Principal objective aims: To study the calendar ageing mechanisms of different new battery technologies for which these mechanisms still unclear (especially for new generation of Li-ion batteries); To model the calendar aging of batteries.
SIMSTOCK € 4.2 Mln Supercondensatori Model supercapacitors and batteries behaviour taking into account ageing deduced from accelerated power cycling tests
SMARTBATT € 3.2 Mln Batterie Development and proof of the innovative, multifunctional, light and safe concept of an energy storage system which is integrated in the pure electric car’s structure
SOMABAT € 5.0 Mln Batterie Litio-Polimeri Project aims to develop high power Li polymer battery by the development of novel breakthrough solid recyclable materials to be used as anode, cathode and solid polymer electrolyte new alternatives to recycle the different components of the battery and life cycle analysis
State of function for Energy storage for electric vehicles Batterie
STROM ReLion € 1.2 Mln Batterie al litio Life and reliability of Li-ion accumulators – degradation mechanisms, accelerated testing, accurate life predictions
STROM-LULI € 1.5 Mln Batterie litio-aria Flow of air and Li – Efficient bi-functional Oxygen electrodes in the non-aqueous electrolytes
STROM-STELLA € 1.1 Mln Batterie metallo-aria Structured electrodes for metal-air batteries

 

Si tratta di ben 51 progetti, eppure non sono ancora tutti: esiste anche la European Green Cars Initiative (http://www.green-cars-initiative.eu/projects/projects-1 ), che ne raggruppa addirittura altri 102, per un totale di ben 153:

 

N. Acronimo Descrizione Ambito

1

ALIVE Advanced High Volume Affordable Lightweighting for Future Electric Vehicles Auto leggere

2

AMBER ULV Automotive Mechatronic Baseline for Electric Resilient Ultra Light Vehicle Auto leggere

3

ARMEVA Advanced Reluctance Motors for Electric Vehicle Applications Motori

4

ASTERICS Ageing and efficiency Simulation & TEsting under Real world conditions for Innovative electric vehicle Components and Systems Elettronica

5

AUTOMICS Pragmatic solution for parasitic-immune design of electronics ICs for automotive Elettronica

6

AVTR Optimal Electrical Powertrain via Adaptable Voltage and Transmission Ratio Motori

7

BATTERIES2020 Towards Realistic European Competitive Automotive Batteries Batterie

8

BEHICLE BEst in class HIriko vehiCLE: Safe urban mobility in a sustainable transport value-chain Mobilità urbana

9

CAPIRE Coordination Action on PPP Implementation for Road-Transport Electrification Mezzi elettrici in generale

10

CASTOR Car Multi-Propulsion Integrated Power Train Motori

11

CO3 Collaborative Concepts for Comodality

12

COMCIS Collaborative Information Services for Container Management

13

CORE CO2 REduction for Long Distance Transport Riduzione CO2

14

COSIVU Compact, Smart and Reliable Drive Unit for Fully Electric Vehicles Motori

15

Deliver Design of Electric Light Vans for Environment-Impact Reduction Trasporto merci

16

eCo-FEV efficient Cooperative infrastructure for Fully Electric Vehicles Mezzi elettrici in generale

17

ECOGEM Cooperative Advanced Driver Assisted System for Green Cars Elettronica

18

e-gomotion Raising Awareness of Job Opportunities in Vehicle Electrification Posti di lavoro

19

ECOSHELL Development of New Light High-Performance Environmentally Benign Composites Made of Bio-Materials and Bio-Resins for Electric Car Application Materiali

20

eDas Holistic Energy Management for 3rd and 4th Generation of Electric Vehicles Energia

21

e-Dash Electricity Demand and Supply Harmonization for EVs Fornitura elettrica

22

EFUTURE Safe and Efficient Electrical Vehicle Sicurezza elettrica

23

eLCAr E-Mobility Life Cycle Assessment Recomendations Ciclo di vita

24

E-Light Advanced Structural Light-Weight Architectures for Electric Vehicles Veicoli leggeri

25

ELVA Advanced Electric Vehicle Architectures

26

ELVIRE Electric Vehicle Communication to Infrastructure, Road Service and Electricity Supply Fornitura elettrica

27

EMERALD Energy ManagEment and RechArging for efficient eLectric car Driving Energia

28

EM-Safety EM Safety and Hazards Mitigation by Proper EV Design Elettronica

29

Enhanced WISETRIP Enhancing Intermodality of Content, Personalised Information and Functionality of WISETRIP Network of Journey Planning Engines

30

ENLIGHT Enhanced Lightweight Design Veicoli leggeri

31

EPSILON Coordination Action on PPP Implementation for Road-transport Electrification Mezzi elettrici in generale

32

EUNICE Eco-design and Validation of In-Wheel Concept for Electric Vehicles Motori

33

EUROLIS Advanced European lithium sulphur cells for automotive applications Batterie

34

eVADER Electric Vehicle Alert for Detection and Emergency Response Emergenze

35

E-VECTOORC Electric Vehicle Control of Individual Wheel Torque for On- and Off-Road Conditions Motori

36

Evolution The Electric vehicle rEvolution Mezzi elettrici in generale

37

FABRIC FeAsiBility analysis and development of on-Road chargIng solutions for future electric vehiCles Infrastrutture di ricarica

38

FastInCharge Innovative fast inductive charging solution for electric vehicles Ricarica induttuva

39

FREE-MOBY People Centric easy to implement e-mobility

40

FREVUE Frevuevalidating Freight Electric Vehicles in Urban Europe

41

FUEREX Multifuel Range Extender With High Efficiency and Ultra Low Emissions Autonomia elettrica estesa

42

FURBOT Freight Urban RoBOTic Vehicle Auto automatiche

43

G4V Grid for Vehicles – Analysis of the impact and possibilities of a mass introduction of electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles on the electricity networks in Europe Fornitura elettrica

44

GASTONE New powertrain concept based on the integration of energy recovery, storage and re-use system with engine system and control strategies Motori

45

GO4SEM Global Opportunies for SEMs in Electromobility

46

Green eMotion Green eMotion

47

HEMIS Electrical powertrain HEalth Monitoring for Increased Safety of FEVs Motori

48

Hi-Wi Materials and Drives for High & Wide Efficiency Electric Powertrains Motori

49

HUBWAYS coHerent measures and environmental interventions to debottleneck hUBs of the multimodal netWork fAvoured bY Seamless flow of goods

50

ICE Magneto-Caloric Refrigeration for Efficient Electric Air Conditionning Climatizzazione

51

iCOMPOSE Integrated Control of Multiple-Motor and Multiple-Storage Full Electric Vehicles Motori

52

ICT4EVEU ICT Services for Electric Vehicle Enchancing the User Experiance Informatica

53

ICT4FEV Information and Communication Technologies for the Full Electric Vehicle Informatica

54

ID4EV Intelligent Dynamics for Fully Electric Vehicles Informatica

55

IMPROVE Integration and Management of Performance and Road Efficiency of Electric Vehicles Electronics

56

INCOBAT Innovative Cost Efficient Management System for Next Generation High Voltage Batteries

57

IoE Internet of Energy for Electric Mobility Informatica

58

LIBRALATO Libralato Engine Prototype Motori

59

LISSEN Lithium Sulfur Superbattery Exploitating Nanotechnology Batterie

60

LNG Blue Corridors Liquefied Natural Gas Blue Corridors

61

MAENAD Model-based Analysis & Engineering of Novel Architectures for Dependable Electric Vehicles

62

MAG-DRIVE New Permanent Magnets for Electric-Vehicle Drive Application Motori

63

MARS-EV Materials for Ageing Resistant Li-ion High Energy Storage for the Electrix Vehicle Batterie

64

MAT4BAT Advanced Materials for Batteries Batterie

65

MERGE Mobile Energy Resources in Grids of Electricity Batterie

66

MobiEurope Integrated and Interoperable ICT Applications for Electro-Mobility in Europe Informatica

67

Mobility2.0 Co-operative ITS Systems for Enhanced Electric Vehicle Mobility Informatica

68

MOBINCITY Smart Mobility in Smart City

69

MODULUSHCA Modular Logistics Units in Shared Co-modal Networks

70

MOLECULES Mobility based on eLectric Connected vehicles in Urban and interurban, smart, cLean, EnvironmentS Informatica

71

MOTORBRAIN Nanoelectronics for Electric Vehicle Intelligent Failsafe Powertrain Elettronica

72

NECOBAUT New Concept of Metal-Air Battery for Automotive Application based on Advanced Nanomaterials Batterie

73

NoWaste Engine Waste Heat Recovery and Re-Use Recupero energia

74

ODIN Optimized electric Drivetrain by INtegration Motori

75

OpEneR Optimal Energy Consumption and Recovery Based on System Network Recupero energia

76

OPTIBODY Optimized Structural components and add-ons to improve passive safety in new Electric Light Trucks and Vans (ELTVs) Sicurezza elettrica

77

OPTIMORE Optimised Modular Range Extender for every day customer usage Autonomia elettrica estesa

78

PICAV Personal Intelligent City Accessible Vehicle System

79

PLUS-MOBY Premium Low weight Urban Sustainable e-MOBilitY Mezzi elettrici in generale

80

P-MOB Integrated Enabling Technologies for Efficient Electrical Personal Mobility Mezzi elettrici in generale

81

POLLUX Process Oriented Electronic Control Unit for Electric Vehicles Developed on a multi-system real-time embedded platform Elettronica

82

POWERFUL POWERtrain for Future Light-Duty Vehicles Motori

83

PowerUp Specification, Implementation, Field Trial and Standardisation of the Vehicle-2-Grid Interface Fornitura elettrica

84

SafeAdapt Safe Adaptive Software for Fully Electric Vehicles Informatica

85

SafeEV Safe Small Electric Vehicles through Advanced Simulation Methodologies Sicurezza elettrica

86

SmartCEM Smart Connected Electro Mobility Fornitura elettrica

87

Smart EV-VC Smart Electric Vehicle Value Chains

88

SMART-LIC Smart and Compact Battery Management System Module for Integration into Lithium-Ion Cell Electric Vehicles Elettronica

89

SMARTOP Self Powered Vehicle Roof for On-Board Comfort and Energy Saving Solare

90

SMARTV2G Smart Vehicle to Grid Interface Fornitura elettrica

91

STABLE STable high-capacity lithium-Air Batteries with Long cycle life for Electric cars Batterie

92

STRAIGHTSOL Strategies and Measures for Smarter Urban Freight Solutions

93

SuperLIB Smart Battery Control System Based on a Charge-Equalization Circuit for an Advanced Dual-Cell Battery for Electric Vehicles Elettronica

94

SYRNEMO Synchronous Reluctance Next Generation Efficient Motors for Electric Vehicles Motori

95

TelliSys Intelligent Transport System for Innovative Intermodal Freight Transport

96

TRANSFORMERS Configurable and Adaptable Trucks and Trailers for Optimal Transport Efficiency

97

UNPLUGGED Wireless charging for Electric Vehicles Ricarica induttuva

98

URBANEV Super Light Architectures for Safe and Affordable Urban Electric Vehicles

99

V-FEATHER InnoVative Flexible Electric Transport Mezzi elettrici in generale

100

WIDE-MOB Building Blocks Concepts for Efficient and Safe Multiuse Urban Electrical Vehicles

101

WINN European Platform Driving KnoWledge to INNovations in Freight Logistics

102

ZEUSS Zero Emission Urban Bus Systems Trasporti pubblici

 

E’ importante precisare che, trattandosi di ricerca, non è detto che tutti i progetti portino ai risultati sperati; ma un attacco in massa di queste proporzioni permetterà ai ricercatori, nei prossimi anni, di esaminare e sperimentare tali e tante possibilità alternative che le probabilità di riuscita, a livello globale, possono considerarsi notevoli.

Come disse Edison, inventore della prima lampadina della storia, quando finalmente riuscì a fabbricarne una funzionante dopo migliaia di tentativi falliti: non aveva fallito migliaia di volte, ma scoperto migliaia di modi per non fabbricare una lampadina funzionante.

Ma alla fine trovo il modo giusto.

 

Osservazione: ma la FIAT c’è o ci fa?? Marchionne dice che le auto elettriche non saranno mai buone  a niente… e poi il Centro Ricerche FIat è coinvolto in 30 progetti di ricerca sull’argomento???

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